Wednesday, December 29, 2010

Create a MultiBoot Linux/Windows USB from the Linux

Please follow this link for creating MultiBoot USB from the Linux, you may download the latest files from this link in French language. Its supported Linux distributions AND Windows system are on this link. One of the good feature this software is that you don't need reboot your system again & again to check the USB, it has a feature to test USB on spot. If your system does not support to boot from USB, use following CD to let your system boot from USB, it is based on Plop Boot Manager. Below are some elaborated details why we need MultiBoot USB/DVD/CD & Linux installation.

 To install Linux, normally we use one CD/DVD containing one Linux distribution. There are so many Linux distributions, about more than one thousand, check distrowatch.com. It is NOT wise to make a CD/DVD for each OR your top 10 Linux distributions. Better is to put all your favorite Linux distribution on to a CD, DVD or USB, even you can include Windows XP/7 on such DVD/USB. After making such DVD/USB, when you reboot with that DVD/USB, it will let you to select which Linux distribution you like to use/install. For most Linux you can run lively without installing it BUT for Windows you may need to install. Hope now it is elaborated.

Because this MultiBoot USB would be created in the Linux, below are some details to install Linux.

Different Linux distribution has different ways to install. I recommend you to install Zorin OS 4. Download from zorin-os.webs.com. Burn it on DVD, restart PC to run its live system. If you are satisfied with live system then go for installation. For installation follow the installation details from this series of videos http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yp8A354KbLs




Installation of Zorin OS 3 & 4 is almost same.

Friday, October 15, 2010

Include Hiren's BootCD into MultiBoot USB

You can easily include 'Hiren's BootCD' entry in your 'MultiBoot USB' as follow

1. Install & configre MultiBoot USB on USB drive
http://www.pendrivelinux.com/boot-multiple-iso-from-usb-multiboot-usb/

2. Download Hiren's BootCD from
http://www.hirensbootcd.net/download.html

3. Copy the 'HBCD' folder to USB drive

4. Copy 'grldr' file from 'HBCD' to root of USB drive

5. Edit the 'menu.lst' file on root of USB as follow
title Hiren's.BootCD
configfile /HBCD/menu.lst

Monday, August 23, 2010

Playing with Grub 2

After installing Linux, you may find similar Grub boot loader startup screen.


Most user don't like this list. Here we will learn how to make our own list. I am using Zorin OS 3/Ubuntu 10.04. These steps may be applicable for other Linux. I have dual boot with Windows XP. You may have Windows Vista OR Windows 7 etc.

First of all open terminal and open nautilus/folder browser with root/admin rights.

sudo ls
sudo nautilus &

The '&' sign will let terminal to start nautilus in background. So that the terminal with admin rights would be available to execute further commands.

Now open grub.cfg on following path

/boot/grub/

grub.cfg contains the configuration for current grub menu list. We normally don't edit this file.

Now move control to following path

/etc/grub.d

This contains files starting with different numbers. Lower number files will come first in the Grub menu list. And higher number files will come at the end of Grub menu list.

Now the plan is to make one entry for Zorin OS/Ubuntu and one for Windows XP OR may be other entries according to your requirements. Here, first we create our required entries and if they are working fine, then remove unnecessary entries.

I prefer to create a separate file for each operating system. If you don't prefer that then put all the menu entries into 40_custom file. For details read 'Custom User Entries' section on this link OR visit this link.

Now create a new empty file for Ubuntu/Zorin OS i.e named 41_ubuntu and put following line in it

#!/bin/sh -e
echo "Ubuntu" >&2
cat << EOF

You can type any thing instead of "Ubuntu" in above lines. These line are just for providing conformation to us when updating grub.

Now copy a required menu entry for Ubuntu from grub.cfg. It would be between these lines

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

i.e I am copying following data and putting at the end of file 41_ubuntu

menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-16-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 444539ba-ab9e-4028-94f5-c1a86b5ec7c1
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-16-generic root=UUID=444539ba-ab9e-4028-94f5-c1a86b5ec7c1 ro   quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-16-generic
}

You can type any thing instead of 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-16-generic' in above lines. This line will become the grub menu entry.

Now put following line at the end of file 41_ubuntu

#EOF

Now save and close file 41_ubuntu

Now right click on file 41_ubuntu and click properties. And then click on permission tab and tick the check box for execution (Allow execution file as program).

Now the process for Ubuntu entry is complete. Do the similar steps for Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7 OR other Linux.

After finishing you required entries, we need to update grub by this command

sudo update-grub

This command will ultimately update grub.cfg file automatically.

Now you need to restart computer to test your entries are working file OR not. If they are working fine then you can proceed further for excluding unnecessary entries from the grub menu.

After testing and restarting computer, get the root/admin rights again by executing command given at the start of this post. Now untick the check box for execution (Allow execution file as program) as describe above for following files

10_linux
20_memtest86+
30_os-prober

Now you need again to update grub by following command
sudo update-grub

Now you menu system is ready. Restart computer and enjoy short menu.

For other easy configuration (i.e changing default operating system, boot timeout, resolution, color depth etc) install StartUp Manager.

Monday, July 19, 2010

Wall-E, Computer-Animated Science Fiction Film

(اس تحریر کو اردو زبان میں پڑھنے کے لیے یہاں کلک کریں)
Wall-E is good animated film. The story follows a robot named WALL-E, who is designed to clean up a waste-covered Earth far in the future. He eventually falls in love with another robot named EVE, and follows her into outer space on an adventure that changes the destiny of both his kind and humanity.
Watch and enjoy

Monday, June 14, 2010

webkno - IT videos in Urdu and English

Webkno is dedicated in delivering useful, comprehensive and innovative information for computer users.

Thursday, June 10, 2010

Institute of Policy Studies

(اس تحریر کو اردو زبان میں پڑھنے کے لیے یہاں کلک کریں)
Institute of Policy Studies, IPS is an autonomous, not for profit, civil society organization, dedicated to promoting policy-oriented research. IPS provides a forum for informed discussion and dialogue on national and international issues. The contributions spanning over about thirty years and the overall impact signifies the importance of pragmatic research on policy issues. The Institute highlights the role of think-tanks in modern democratic polity.

IPS achieves its objectives through a wide range of activities including seminars, symposia, conferences and roundtables on multi-dimensional topics, and their outcomes i.e. reports, periodicals and publications, Interaction, dialogue , thematic research and capacity-building programs are instrumental in its research endeavors. IPS formulates viable plans and presents key initiatives and policy measures to policy makers, analysts, political leaders, legislators, researchers, academia, civil society organization, media and other stakeholders. It believes in good governance, transparency, professionalism, and program effectiveness, and strictly upholds its independence, credibility and integrity. It operates as a self-financed think-tank counting on endowments, sponsorships, voluntary services and private donations. Apart from its periodicals, publications and  membership fees it generates revenues by providing consultancy services.

IPS has defined Pakistan Affairs, International Relations and Faith and Society as its major areas of research and has developed an effective system of coordination of research activities by local and foreign scholars through a dedicated team of research coordinators. Through this scheme of work IPS is not only able to conduct in-house research on areas of interest but also coordinates research activities by IPS associates working at their respective places. Its academic programs are designed and run under the supervision of National Academic Council (NAC), which plays a pivotal role in functioning of IPS by providing policy guidelines, reviewing its plans and setting its priorities. IPS garners collaboration as well as extends its active cooperation to other organizations in one or more areas of research. Such coordination could be time- specific or discipline-based for conducting joint research, cosponsoring of seminars and exchange of library and other facilities. IPS currently reciprocates with a number of national and international institutions and is engaged in scholars’ exchange arrangements with various research institutions within Pakistan and abroad.

Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Quit FB, Until the Change!


We all were playing in a room (Facebook, FB). Suddenly some people came and spreading hatred about Muslims, misusing freedom. FB has rules and regulations, (s)he can control these matters but (s)he was quiet. Why? These matters are important to a Muslim, why they are playing with us?

Why not we change the playing room? the Internet is vast! You can stay in this room, may be nothing wrong, I don't blame you if you stay there, but keep one thing is mind that staying on the borders is dangerous. Until there is change, I quit the FB, one drop of the rain.

FB needs to change their policy about prophets. Don't let people to misuse freedom. Respect all the prophets. We love our prophet (peace be upon him). That's all.

Friday, May 14, 2010

Google Translate Urdu in Alpha Phase

(اس تحریر کو اردو زبان میں پڑھنے کے لیے یہاں کلک کریں)
Thanks to Allah, Google Translate Urdu in alpha phase.
I am very happy, I don't know it is due to our efforts or Google own kindness?
‎Source of this good  news: UrduWeb, Google Translate Blog.

Thursday, May 06, 2010

Serve The Urdu Language

(اس تحریر کو اردو زبان میں پڑھنے کے لیے یہاں کلک کریں)
  • Read Urdu language blogs, news, articles, websites, etc. For reading Urdu material click here
  • Write Urdu. For writing in Urdu language click here
  • Work for Google Translate Urdu. Click here to view details in Urdu language
  • Work for Urdu Localization Projects. Click here to view details in Urdu language

Saturday, April 17, 2010

Pakistani Government Websites in Urdu Language

(اس تحریر کو اردو زبان میں پڑھنے کے لیے یہاں کلک کریں)

    Writing Urdu in Windows/Linux/Mac with/without the Internet

    (اس تحریر کو اردو زبان میں پڑھنے کے لیے یہاں کلک کریں)

      Tuesday, April 13, 2010

      Linux Gaming Live Distribution

      (اس تحریر کو اردو زبان میں پڑھنے کے لیے یہاں کلک کریں)
      Linux Gaming Live Distribution is specially designed to play Linux games. This contains good collection of games including LAN/Internet games. The following games are included on the most recent release 0.9.5 (below links are of videos/screen-shots/website/etc, where possible)
      1. ArmagetronAd
      2. Astromenace
      3. Blobby Volley
      4. btanks
      5. Chromium-BSU
      6. Extreme Tux Racer
      7. Foobillard
      8. Frets On Fire
      9. Frozen Bubble
      10. Glest
      11. Hedgewars
      12. lbreakout2
      13. ManiaDrive
      14. Neverball
      15. Neverputt
      16. Nexuiz
      17. OpenLieroX
      18. Pingus
      19. Quadra
      20. Sauerbraten
      21. Scorched 3D
      22. Secret Maryo Chronicles
      23. SuperTuxKart
      24. Teeworlds
      25. TORCS
      26. Tremulous
      27. Urban Terror
      28. Warsow
      29. Warzone 2100
      30. Wesnoth
      31. Widelands
      32. World of Goo Demo
      33. World of Padman
      34. XMoto
      Note: some games are present on panels/desktop. All games are on mouse right click button. Other than games there are some applications by clicking mouse right button

      Basically this is a live DVD but you can install this on hard disk with some trick (because officially this does not give you any option to install on hard disk). For this you may need already installed Linux. You may need good graphic card for some games. Following are steps
      • Download ISO file Linux Gaming Live Distribution. Be aware that this file is about 4.2 GB  
      • Make a Linux partition of 5 GB size
      • Either extract the ISO file OR copy DVD to that partition
      • Put a entry in grub
        • GRUB 1, put following 4 lines in /boot/grub/menu.lst file
          • title "Put title of your choise i.e Linux Gaming"
          • root (hdX,Y)
          • kernel /boot/vmlinuz26
          • initrd /boot/lg-live.img
          • Note: above 2nd line 'root (hdX,Y)', X is your hard disk # (it starts from 0) and Y is your partition # (in GRUB 1 it also start from 0) i.e if you are installing in 1st hard disk 3rd partition then it would be 'root (hd0,2)'
        • GRUB 2, It may put entry automatically OR put following 5 lines in /etc/grub.d/40_custom
          • menuentry "Put title of your choise i.e Linux Gaming" {
          •    set root=(hdX,Y)
          •    linux /boot/vmlinuz26
          •    initrd /boot/lg-live.img
          • }
          • Note: above 2nd line 'set root=(hdX,Y)', X is your hard disk # (it starts from 0) and Y is your partition # (but in GRUB 2 it start from 1) i.e if you are installing in 1st hard disk 3rd partition then it would be 'set root=(hd0,3)'
          • Do not forget to update GRUB after editing above file by command 'sudo update-grub'
      If this all seems difficult to you, you may Request Linux Installation on Linux IC

        Saturday, March 27, 2010

        Free Online OCR Service

        You can get text from images of type jpg, pdf etc. This service allows you to recognize, convert and store documents.
        http://www.onlineocr.net/

        Tuesday, March 09, 2010

        Taste Linux (Install Linux with Windows)

        (Learn to Install Linux Operating System (Complete Video Guide in Urdu Language))
        (اس تحریر کو اردو زبان میں پڑھنے کے لیے یہاں کلیک کریں)
        (Download a small book in Urdu langauge about how to install Linux in PDF file format)

        Linux is a computer operating system like Microsoft's Windows 98/2000/XP/Vista/7 etc, Apple's MAC, Unix OR BSD. It is free & legal to use for personal/commercial. So use Linux.




        Following are options to install Linux.
        1. Request Linux IR if you have Linux IC around you. 
        2. xPUD (اس تحریر کو اردو زبان میں پڑھنے کے لیے یہاں کلیک کریں) Simple, less space, less download time but still in testing phase, needs 256 RAM & 64 MB Hard Disk space. Click Download, click Install on Hard Drive, click xpud-latest-exe under section 'Install xPUD on Windows XP/Vista/7'. After download, install it like normal windows programs.
        3. WUBI Installer This is easiest, simplest & safest method with some performance plenty. You don't need any CD, ju st download & install. You have an option to uninstall Linux as you uninstall any other program. You will need good Internet speed.
        4. Free Linux CDs If you don't have good Internet speed, you can request Free Linux CD. Keep in mind that it may take some weeks.
        5. Download Linux of Your Choice & Make Linux CD OR Write on USB Flash Data Drive (if you are using option 6.1, you don't need to make CD/USB). I recomment Zorin OS & Ubuntu to download. For older computers download Puppy Linux (for 32 MB RAM computers use Luit Linux). Note Ubuntu's CD may be installed like WUBI Installer.
        6. After above 2 option, you will have Linux CD & ready to install Linux. You have following options
          1. User Virtual PCVirtual BoxVMWareQEMUetc to install Linux inside these virtual machine softwares. If you have downloaded Linux, you don't need to write CD.
          2. Following links may help you to install Linux on hard disk with Windows XPWindows VistaWindows OR similar options may be applied on other Windows versions.
        7. You can extend WUBI Installer to a full Linux installation by using LVPM. Don't go for this option if you are not an expert.
        8. Replace Windows with Linux, this option is not recommended OR you are deadly sure.
        After you have installed Linux, you may use following software which are almost equivalent of Window's software OR use software that are only available in Linux.

        Sunday, January 24, 2010

        Free CDs

        Please email your postal address on asakpke[AT THE RATE SIGN]msn[DOT]com to received free CDs. OR you can download some the contents on following websites.
        http://qurango.com/
        http://iroshni.com/
        http://kitaben.ifastnet.com/

        OR you can ask free CD on following link
        iroshni
         قرآن کی تفسیر کی سی ڈی بالکل مفت حاصل کریں

        These CDs contains following.
        SOFTWARE
        ==========
        - Tafheem Ul Quran
        - Asan Quran
        - Subjects of Quran
        - Ahsan ul Bayyan
        - Hadith (Sahih Bokhari and MUslim)
        - Islamic Duayn
        - Java Runtime Environment (JRE)
        - Etc

        AUDIO/VIDEO
        ============
        - Dr. Farhat Hashmi
        - Dr. Israr
        - Dr. Zakir Naik
        - Khurram Murad
        - Moulana Tariq Jameel
        - Etc

        READING
        ========
        - Islamic Pamphlets
        - Islamic Booklets
        - Imran series novels
        - Ishq Ka Ain novel by Allem ul Haq Haqqi
        - Linux books
        - PowerPoint presentations
        - Easy Method of Urdu Writing
        - 40 question & answer Urdu by Dr Zakir Naik
        - Urdu translation “Waqt Ka Safar” of scientific book “A Breif History of Time” by Stephen Hawking
        - Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Urdu
        - Etc

        GAMES
        ======
        - Flight game
        - Flash made games

        ETC
        =====
        - Many more things, not listed here but present on CDs

        Copenhagen, Denmark 3D view

        Copenhagen, Denmark 3D view. Go to this website http://www.krak.dk/, click Ruteplan, then move mouse on Gadefoto, then click København. Click right/left buttons to move right/left. Click some where on map/picture to move your position. Click -/+ buttons to zoom in/out. Click right top button to view full screen.